Gardening Tips

Outdoor Plants

All outdoor plants need at least 5-6 hours of direct sunlight a day to remain healthy. Depending on the type of plant, it should be placed where it gets adequate amount of sunlight.

Watering

It is very important to check the soil for moisture before watering a plant, if the soil is moist watering is not required. Though one can sprinkle little bit of water if the day is expected to be hot.

The soil should never be left soggy for long interval of periods. One should let it dry between watering. This will prevent the plant’s roots from rotting due to suffocation. Plants like cactus need to be watered once a week and placed in full sun.

The plants should ideally be watered in the morning. This is the best time for a plant to photosynthesize as the sunlight intensity is low If the plants are kept in plastic trays, there should be no standing water as this could inhibit air flow to the roots. Once watered, the tray should be emptied of standing water and placed back.
Re-Potting

Potted plants are required to be re-potted once every year to maintain the health and growth of the plant. Slow growing plants can be delayed. The requirement for repotting can be identified by the following occurrences:

Ideally, plants should be placed in a larger pot or the ground. A good amount of fertilizer should be added and the plant should be kept under shade for 2 days after being watered properly.

Fertilizing

It is important to fertilize all plants at least once a month. Nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium are essential for a plant’s growth. A decomposed organic fertilizer could also do well.

The ideal way to fertilize any plant is to reach the fertilizer to the roots. Sprinkle the fertilizer after digging a 2 to 3 inches deep ring around the plant.

The roots then again need to be covered and watered well.

Trimming and Pruning

Pruning is the practice of removing unwanted, diseased, non-reproducing parts of a plant. If not performed properly it could hamper your plant’s growth.

Keep in mind that the plant cannot be pruned in the flowering season and you will have to wait till the end of the flowering time.

The blade used to be pruned should be sharp and should not damage the plant as any open wound on the plant is prone to fungal infection or rust

Indoor Plants

Lighting

All indoor or semi-shade plants need lesser amount of light as the name suggests. Irrespective of that a minimum of 2-3 hours of light is required for plant. It is best to provide your plant with early morning or late evening sunlight.

Watering

Watering schedules of plants majorly depend on its type and placement still on an average all indoor plants can be watered every alternate day. Intensity of wind and light, temperature during the day are some factors which will have a considerable effect on plants and should be kept in mind while watering

Fertilizing

Fertilizer should be added once a month in solid form and once a week in liquid form to maintain leaf luster.

Pest infection

Common pest infestation includes meal bugs, scale, spider mite and white fly. Use of an organic pesticide can help control these infestations.

Some other important points to be considered

Fertilizer should be added once a month in solid form and once a week in liquid form to maintain leaf luster.